A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 by Jonathan Wagner

By Jonathan Wagner

Human migration figures prominently in smooth international heritage, and has performed a pivotal position in shaping the Canadian nationwide kingdom. but whereas a lot has been written approximately Canada's multicultural historical past, little cognizance has been paid to German migrants even if they compose Canada's 3rd biggest ecu ethnic minority. A historical past of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 addresses that hole within the list. Jonathan Wagner considers why Germans left their domestic nation, why they selected to settle in Canada, who assisted their passage, and the way they crossed the sea to their new domestic, in addition to how the Canadian govt perceived and solicited them as immigrants. He examines the German context as heavily as advancements in Canada, providing a brand new, extra whole method of German-Canadian immigration. This publication will attract scholars of German Canadiana, in addition to to these drawn to Canadian ethnic heritage, and eu and glossy foreign migration.

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Sample text

48 Most often, propaganda emphasized the high standard of living enjoyed by Americans, and specifically the economic advantages of migrating to the United States. 49 American prosperity, these sources emphasized, derived in large measure from the land's natural wealth. The country had extensive mineral deposits, valuable timber reserves, and superior soil for growing everything from wheat to apples. In the United States, land was available to the would-be settler either free of charge or for a nominal sum.

In general, the new vision of Canada was based on two often contradictory sets of assumptions. On the one hand, apologists repeatedly presented Canada in romantic fashion as a uniquely unspoiled and natural land, wild and beautiful, mysterious and spiritual; on the other, it was described as a progressive, dynamic, and, most of all, civilized society. This dual presentation accorded with the ambivalence regarding tradition and change so apparent in the mid-nineteenth-century Western world, including Germany.

Migration Morphology: Nature and Causes Unlike Canada, Germany suffered no dearth of people in 1850. As noted, the German states had been experiencing the larger European demographic revolution for nearly a century. Although many causes have been suggested to explain this population increase, a declining mortality rate seems to have been the most significant factor for Germany, as elsewhere. In any case, between 1816 and 1865 the population of the German states (Prussia plus the Confederation) grew from about thirty-two million to fifty-two million, an increase of over 60 percent.

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