By Mike Wallace, Carmen Boullosa
The time period “Mexican Drug War” misleads. It means that the continued massacre, which has now killed good over 100,000 humans, is an inner Mexican affair.
But this diverts consciousness from the U.S. position in growing and maintaining the carnage. It’s not only that american citizens purchase medicinal drugs from, and promote guns to, Mexico’s murderous cartels. It’s that ever because the U.S. prohibited the use and sale of substances within the early 1900s, it has careworn Mexico into appearing as its border enforcer—with more and more lethal effects.
Mexico was once now not a helpless sufferer. robust forces in the state profited highly from providing americans with what their executive forbade them. however the regulations that spawned the drug battle have proved disastrous for either countries.
Written by means of award-winning authors, one American and the opposite Mexican, A Narco historical past experiences the interlocking twentieth-century histories that produced this twenty-first century calamity, and proposes the right way to finish it.
Read or Download A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War" PDF
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Additional info for A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War"
Though they reversed themselves in 1974, by then a series of spectacular busts had seriously crimped the connection, triggering a heroin drought in East Coast cities. The period was also marked by spectacular corruption cases. Not long after a 1971 film (The French Connection) hailed an earlier record police seizure of drugs in New York City, it was revealed that most of that confiscated heroin had been spirited out of the New York Police Department Property Clerk’s fortress and replaced with flour and cornstarch.
In early 1977, ten thousand soldiers stormed the Golden Triangle sierra of Sinaloa, Durango, and Chihuahua. Marauding through villages, they kicked down doors, dragging hundreds of young men away, some to be beaten and tortured (via electric shock, burns, and chili-laced water shot up noses), hundreds never to be seen again. Army units also ransacked houses, raped women, and confiscated belongings, which intensified the armed resistance. -supplied aircraft began spraying drug crops—using 2,4-D acid on opium and the toxic herbicide paraquat on marijuana.
Rivalries and disputes were to be settled inside the party, after which a united front was to be presented to the outside world. Internal factionalism was moderated by patronage. Federal and state officials dispensed contracts, jobs, political promotions, educational opportunities, and social services only to loyal and accommodating party adherents. Leaders of trade unions and campesino (peasant farmer) organizations delivered votes and suppressed rank-and-file protests, in exchange for personal favors to leaders and concessions to their constituencies.