A Student's Guide to the History and Philosophy of Yoga, by Peter Connolly

By Peter Connolly

The note 'yoga' inspires within the minds of many Westerners photographs of individuals appearing workouts and adopting strange, occasionally contortive postures. Such workouts and postures do have a spot in the perform of yoga, however it is far greater than that. certainly, the early literature on yoga describes and defines it as a sort of psychological instead of actual self-discipline. Yoga is usually linked to the Indian subcontinent and the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. This revised variation of a vintage textbook concentrates at the evolution of yoga within the context of Indian tradition, notwithstanding the ultimate chapters additionally discover a few of its hyperlinks with non-Indian mystical traditions and a few of its advancements outdoor of India throughout the sleek interval. The e-book is geared toward either collage scholars taking classes in Comparative faith and Philosophy and practitioners of yoga who search to move past the job and discover its religious dimensions. consequently, it offers yoga within the context of its ancient evolution in India and seeks to provide an explanation for the character of its institutions with a number of metaphysical doctrines. The paintings additionally attracts upon a few conceptual schemes designed to facilitate comparative examine. a few of these are hired during the publication to be able to hyperlink the cloth from each one bankruptcy jointly inside a typical framework. This version contains revisions and expansions to so much chapters and includes one new bankruptcy at the way forward for sleek yoga within the West

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Additional info for A Student's Guide to the History and Philosophy of Yoga, Revised Edition

Sample text

G. 3, and on liberation one realizes oneís identity with the åtman/brahman. In terms of Rawlinsonís model, the Upani¶ads present us with a primarily Cool and increasingly Structured approach. THE UPANI®ADS OF THE BLACK YAJURVEDA The Upani¶ads of the Black Yajurveda offer the most explicit accounts of yoga in the Principal Upani¶ads, though their concerns are much wider than that. The following comments are designed to assist the student with the reading of these texts, which can be difficult for those unfamiliar with the style of the Upani¶ads.

The point to note is that these stages are often referred to as dhyånas (Påli, jhåna), which points to the fluidity of the terminology at this stage of the traditionsí development. So, where and when did yoga originate? í21 Although it is something of an overstatement, Dasguptaís comment draws our attention to the significant shift in thinking about spiritual matters that is evident in the two sets of texts. The gods are much less prominent in the Upani¶ads than they are in the Vedas; so too is the sacrifice.

2 Although something of an overstatement, this comment does draw our attention to the significant differences that exist between Sa√hitå and Upani¶adic thought. The religion of the Sa√hitås has three prominent features: a polytheistic conception of deity; an emphasis on the importance of YOGA IN THE TEXTS OF THE VEDA 23 sacrificial ritual; and an understanding of post-mortem experience that postulates eternal existence in one or other heavenly realms. A consideration of these themes allows an informed judgement to be made about the relationship between the thought of the Sa√hitås and that of the Upani¶ads, particularly in terms of what they have in common and where they are different.

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