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This solely up-to-date moment variation offers an outline at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and not more explored ecosystems inhabited by means of extremophiles reminiscent of marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wasteland sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are offered. an extra concentration is wear the function of those hugely really expert microorganism in utilized study fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples comparable to novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection concepts for strength extraterrestrial existence kinds are mentioned in detail.
The publication addresses researchers and complex scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.
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Extra resources for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application
The physical separation of the body brine from the rest of the deep-water column, for thousands of years, makes DHAB ecosystems particularly intriguing for microbial diversity and adaptation studies, as discussed in the following Sect. 3. 3 M icrobial Communities of the Newly Discovered DHABs in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea Most of the microbial surveys performed in Eastern Mediterranean DHABs focused on seawater-brine interface (Borin et al. 2009; Daffonchio et al. 2006; Yakimov et al. 2007).
Front Microbiol 6:1–12 Yakimov MM, La Cono V, Denaro R et al (2007) Primary producing prokaryotic communities of brine, interface and seawater above the halocline of deep anoxic lake L’Atalante, Eastern Mediterranean Sea. ISME J 1:1–13 Yakimov MM, La Cono V, Slepak VZ et al (2013) Microbial life in the Lake Medee, the largest deep-sea salt-saturated formation. Environ Microbiol 17:364–382 Yan T, Ye Q, Zhou J, Zhang CL (2006) Diversity of functional genes for methanotrophs in sediments associated with gas hydrates and hydrocarbon seeps in the Gulf of Mexico.
2009; Antunes et al. 2011; Ngugi et al. 2015; Guan et al. 2015), have historically been studied more extensively, compared to the ones identified and described in other locations. Another geographic area characterized by a high density of hypersaline bodies (such as brine pools, mud volcanos, and cold seeps) is the continental slope of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) (Fig. 2b). ” For a description of the events and mechanisms leading to this extensive seepage area and of the megafauna associated to different hypersaline bodies, refer to Cordes et al.