Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament by Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra

By Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra

This can be the 1st e-book to supply a finished review of small palms and security-related concerns in post-9/11 Afghanistan. It contains case stories which exhibit the findings of in-depth box learn on hitherto ignored areas of the rustic, and gives a particular stability of thematic research, conceptual types and empirical study. Exploring a number of features of armed violence and measures to take on it, the amount offers major perception into broader concerns akin to the efficacy of overseas counsel, the ‘shadow’ financial system, warlordism, and the Taliban-led insurgency. for you to deconstruct and demystify Afghanistan’s alleged ‘gun culture’, it additionally explores the various triumphing stumbling blocks and possibilities dealing with the rustic in its transition interval. In so doing, the booklet bargains helpful classes to the state-builders of Afghanistan in addition to these of different nations and areas suffering to emerge from sessions of transition. This ebook should be of a lot curiosity to all scholars of Afghanistan, small hands, insurgency, Asian reviews, and clash reports usually.  

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Extra resources for Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies)

Example text

The rule of the gun incorporates not only active violence but structural violence, such as the distortive effect of arms proliferation on political reconstruction and development (UNDP, 2004). The proliferation of small arms and light weapons had significant (but by no means exclusive) consequences: • stressing, and potentially undermining, traditional methods of conflict resolution; Violence in Afghanistan • • • • • • • • 15 aggravating and intensifying local violence; empowering new elites distinct from religious and tribal institutions; steadying the loss of a central monopoly on force in favour of regional and local militias; exacerbating intra-village violence; intensifying communal conflict throughout South Asia; extending the influence of commanders from the military to the economic and political dimensions; undermining attempts at negotiation, particularly from 1988–2001; strengthening extremist factions and, later, strongmen, to the detriment of traditional community elders.

4 (pt. 8)) A 2006 Report of the UN Secretary-General revealed how little had changed, arguing that ‘impunity of factional commanders and former warlords has also served to undermine incremental improvements . . Complaints of serious human rights violations committed by representatives of national security institutions, including arbitrary arrest, illegal detention and torture are numerous’ (UNSG, 2006, p. 7 (pt. 28–29)). The combined effect of both the insurgency and factional commanders has been to erode popular support for the central Afghan government, while the presence of commanders with ties to armed factions in the government challenges the popular legitimacy of the government.

The majority of interviews were conducted in 2005 and most of the interviewees were contacted through the Afghan New Beginnings Programme (ANBP). Additional interviews were conducted with the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA), ANBP, Afghanistan NGO Security Office, NGOs and the Coalition. Part II is primarily based on interviews conducted during three visits to Afghanistan in April and May 2005, November 2005 and June 2006. Interviews were held with more than 80 representatives of international donor missions, UN agencies, the Afghan government, international NGOs, civil society groups and private contractors.

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