By Lucille H. Campey
This can be the 1st totally documented and precise account, produced in recent years, of 1 of the best early migrations of Scots to North the US. the arriving of the Hector in 1773, with approximately 2 hundred Scottish passengers, sparked a big inflow of Scots to Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. millions of Scots, more often than not from the Highlands and Islands, streamed into the province through the past due 1700s and the 1st half the 19th century.Lucille Campey lines the method of emigration and explains why Scots selected their diversified cost destinations in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. a lot unique info has been distilled to supply new insights on how, why and whilst the province got here to procure its special Scottish groups. tough the commonly held assumption that this was once basically a flight from poverty, After the Hector finds how Scots have been being inspired via good points, comparable to the chance for larger freedoms and higher livelihoods.The agony and turmoil of the later Highland Clearances have solid a protracted shadow over past occasions, making a misunderstanding that every one emigration were pressured on humans. challenging evidence express that almost all emigration used to be voluntary, self-financed and pursued via humans awaiting to enhance their fiscal customers. a mixture of push and pull elements introduced Scots to Nova Scotia, laying down a wealthy and deep seam of Scottish tradition that maintains to flourish. broadly documented with all recognized passenger lists and info of over 300 send crossings, this booklet tells their story."The saga of the Scots who came upon a house clear of domestic in Nova Scotia, informed in an easy, unembellished, no-nonsense variety with a few surprises alongside the best way. This ebook comprises a lot of significant curiosity to historians and genealogists."- Professor Edward J. Cowan, college of Glasgow"...a well-written, crisp narrative that offers an invaluable define of the identified Scottish settlements as much as the center of the nineteenth century...avoid[s] the sentimental 'victim & scapegoat method' to the subject and as a substitute has supplied an account of the points of interest and mechanisms of settlement...."- Professor Michael Vance, St. Mary's collage, Halifax
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Additional info for After the Hector: The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852
Those people who came from treeless, coastal areas must have been quite dumbfounded by the very sight of large trees. This was all too much to bear. James Grant and family moved to Kings County, while Donald Munroe went to Halifax. John Sutherland and Angus MacKenzie moved to Windsor in Hants County, while Kenneth Fraser, William Matheson, James Murray and David Urquhart, together with their families, moved to Londonderry. Others relocated themselves in nearby Truro and Onslow. They worked as labourers and servants in already-settled areas, this being far preferable to chopping down trees in a primeval forest.
It introduced restraining orders which restricted freehold grants to Loyalists and fish merchants. Although Cape Breton acquired very few Loyalists, emigrant Scots later came to its shores in their thousands. Ignoring government regulations, they first arrived in 1790 and took their land by squatting. 13 Most of the Loyalists who settled in Nova Scotia in 1784 originated from the middle colonies of New York and New Jersey, but a substantial number also came from North and South Carolina. 14 One of the first major migrations was in 1739 when 350 people from Argyll went to North Carolina.
Once the Highlanders had cleared their lands along the three river frontages, the Pictou settlement began to take shape. Four of the Inverness-shire arrivals, William (later Squire) MacKay, Colin MacKay, Roderick Mackay and Donald Cameron went to East River. And later, as conditions improved, two other Inverness-shire men, James Grant, who had gone to Kings County, and Donald Munroe, who had moved to Halifax, joined them at East River. 42 Their initial concentration along the East and Middle rivers reveals a single community transplanting itself to Pictou.