Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

By Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

The Evolution of Plant shape is a phenomenal new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s hugely profitable and good validated Annual Plant Reviews.

Written by way of acknowledged and revered researchers, this publication gives you a accomplished consultant to the varied variety of medical views in land plant evolution, from morphological evolution to the reviews of the mechanisms of evolutionary switch and the instruments with which they are often studied. This name distinguishes itself from others in plant evolution via its synthesis of those rules, which then offers a framework for destiny stories and interesting new advancements in this

The first bankruptcy explores the origins of the main morphological concepts in land vegetation and the next chapters supply a thrilling, intensive research of the morphological evolution
of land plant teams together with bryophytes, lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. the second one half the ebook specializes in evolutionary reports in land crops together with genomics,
adaptation, improvement and phenotypic plasticity. the ultimate bankruptcy presents a precis and standpoint for destiny experiences within the evolution of plant form.

The Evolution of Plant shape offers crucial info for plant scientists and evolutionary biologists. All libraries and study institutions, the place organic and agricultural sciences are
studied and taught, will locate this significant paintings a necessary addition to their shelves.

Chapter 1 Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological ideas in Land vegetation (pages 1–50): James A. Doyle
Chapter 2 The Evolution of physique shape in Bryophytes (pages 51–89): Bernard Goffinet and William R. Buck
Chapter three The Morphology and improvement of Lycophytes (pages 91–114): Barbara A. Ambrose
Chapter four Evolutionary Morphology of Ferns (Monilophytes) (pages 115–140): Harald Schneider
Chapter five Gymnosperms (pages 141–161): Dennis Wm. Stevenson
Chapter 6 picking out Key good points within the foundation and Early Diversification of Angiosperms (pages 163–188): Paula J. Rudall
Chapter 7 Genomics, model, and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 189–225): Kristen Shepard
Chapter eight Comparative Evolutionary Genomics of Land vegetation (pages 227–275): Amy Litt
Chapter nine improvement and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 277–320): Barbara A. Ambrose and Cristina Ferrandiz
Chapter 10 improvement within the Wild: Phenotypic Plasticity (pages 321–355): Kathleen Donohue
Chapter eleven The Evolution of Plant shape: A precis point of view (pages 357–366): Michael Purugganan

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These cupules have been homologized with the similarly constructed fertile appendages of progymnosperms; in at least one aneurophyte, Tetraxylopteris (Bonamo & Banks 1967), the sporangia were in clusters that could be transformed into ovules (Kenrick & Crane 1997). In the Late Carboniferous genus Lyginopteris, the cupule had been simplified to several lobes around a single ovule. Subsequent evolution of the ovule presents a striking story of transfer of function. In living gymnospermous seed plants, the pollen is caught by a pollination drop exuded from micropyle, but this was impossible before fusion of the integument lobes.

This hypothesis explains the leaves of conifers better than the dichotomously veined leaves of cordaites and ginkgophytes, although it might be a smaller step to derive leaves of the latter sort from cataphylls than from large fronds. Origin of coniferophyte reproductive structures also involved a change from fertile fronds, like those of Callistophyton, which had microsporangia or ovules on the abaxial surface, to simple sporophylls. In ginkgophytes 24 The Evolution of Plant Form these sporophylls were apparently grouped into simple male and female strobili.

1976; Stein 1981; Phillips & Galtier 2005; Galtier 2010). In Rhacophyton, Cornet et al. (1976) showed various degrees of reduction of one pinna per pair, and they suggested that reduction of this sort led to the biseriate (pinnate) pinna arrangement of living ferns. A connection of such fossils with Filicales in particular is supported by Ankyropteris, which had normal biseriate pinnae but resembled zygopterids in having an H-shaped vascular strand with peripheral loops in the petiole. These considerations suggest that planation proceeded from higher to lower orders (Galtier 2010).

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