Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of

The exceptional value of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill provides major demanding situations for oil spill responders and people tasked with assessing the affects of the spill. comparing adjustments to surroundings services—the merits humans obtain from common assets and processes—caused by means of the oil spill might extend the capability to catch and cost the total breadth of affects to the surroundings and the general public. This record assesses the equipment and metrics which can aid scientists successfully review surroundings prone.

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Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report (2011)

The remarkable value of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill offers major demanding situations for oil spill responders and people tasked with assessing the affects of the spill. comparing adjustments to surroundings services—the merits humans obtain from common assets and processes—caused by means of the oil spill may possibly extend the capability to seize and price the entire breadth of affects to the surroundings and the general public.

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Extra info for Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report (2011)

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We also recognize that the term “baseline” has a specific meaning in the context of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment program (see Definitions in Introduction) and will endeavor to incorporate that into our analysis and discussion. GEOLOGIC AND PHYSIOGRAPHIC SETTING The modern GoM originated approximately 200 million years ago (mya) with rifting of the supercontinent of Pangaea. As this rifting continued, the continental crust thinned and eventually shallow basins were flooded with sea water through a connection to the Pacific Ocean.

A few come ashore alive and some die on the beach, but most wash up already dead. Finding so many carcasses, as in the present event, suggests that over time, some enduring process or condition at sea is making dolphins sick or killing them. Knowledge of the animal’s life history, its environment, past stranding accounts in the region and elsewhere, and the presence of other suspected conditions help narrow the search from possible to the more probable causes. Might this event be in any way similar to the 1990 episode along the Gulf coast, where Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

The third question focuses on the specific problem of assigning value to the impacted ecosystem services. These questions are best addressed with reference to Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 2 STATEMENT OF TASK 1. What methods are available for identifying and quantifying various ecosystem services? What are the spatial and temporal scales conducive to research that provide meaningful information for the public and decision makers? 2. What methods and types of information can be used to approximate baselines (but for the spill) for distinguishing effects on ecosystem services specific to the spill?

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