By M. Bourne
This publication argues that the arming of clash is complexly based and hugely dynamic. It uncovers and describes the development and interplay of buildings and dynamics at international and neighborhood degrees, which form the arming styles of either kingdom and non-state actors.
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Extra info for Arming Conflict: The Proliferation of Small Arms
The black market is usually y much smaller than the grey y market; its illegal transfers tend to supply y arms to individuals and criminal organizations. Off course, there are exceptions to these rules. More research is needed to understand the characteristics and ever changing dynamics off such markets. (Small Arms Survey, 2001, p. 190; emphasis added). Thus, there are two images of global illicit trade: the SALW literature claims that the grey y market is larger than the black; but some in the policy community, and in many journalistic or populist accounts, the conception is off global black market, which in turn is part of a global illicit economy worth $1trillion every year (Naim, 2006) largely because off the lack of familiarity with the concept off a ‘grey market’.
Norms and policy structures The third type off structure that shapes the nature off weapons spread is the existence and nature off normative and policy structures. The presence off strong regimes and/or norms against the spread off a particular weapon or technology y (such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation regime) or against weapons acquisition by y a specific ffii recipient (such as UN arms embargoes) are barriers to weapons spread – though they y are far from f insurmountable. Most off these policy y instruments have been supply-side controls.
It is also clear that some actors struggle to arm themselves. The amorphous image obscures this variation. It is also a static image, with little possibility off explaining any changes in arms flow and acquisition processes or patterns. Thus, it has little explanatory value, and it obscures the questions that might reveal the structures off spread: why y ask what structures and dynamics shape the access off conflict actors to SALW when it is obvious that access to weapons is easily y achieved by all through brokers accessing massive stocks on a globalised illicit market?