By Mark Richard Miller, Rex Miller
This is wisdom you could construct on
Whether you are construction a garage shed or your dream condominium, an analogous ideas govern opting for a domain, environment the root, erecting the partitions, and placing at the roof. this useful how-to advisor has been completely revised and up to date to hide new development fabrics and the most recent innovations in building and framing. it is the place to discover solutions and suggestions, from the 1st stake to the final roofing nail.
* pick out a suitable web site and lay out the structure
* build a beginning that meets structural wishes and climate conditions
* paintings with block development materials
* comprehend balloon body, post-and-beam, and platform body construction
* Calculate rafter size and select the proper roofing materials
* set up skylights, cornices, doorways, home windows, and diverse different types of siding
Read Online or Download Audel Carpenter's and Builder's Layout, Foundation, and Framing PDF
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Additional resources for Audel Carpenter's and Builder's Layout, Foundation, and Framing
The slab-on-grade is popular in the South and Southwest. The crawl space is popular throughout the nation. The basement is the most popular in the Northern states. Slab-on-Grade There are three basic types of slab-on-grade. The most popular is where the footing and slab are combined to form one integral unit. Another type has the slab supported by the foundation wall, and there is a type where the slab is independent of the footing and foundation wall (see Figure 2-3). The procedure for constructing a slab-on-grade would be as follows: 1.
To ensure that the wire mesh is properly embedded, it is propped up or pulled up during the concrete pour. Fiberglass strands added to the concrete mix sometimes eliminate the need for wire mesh. 9. Reinforce the footings-The footings can be reinforced with three or four deformed metal bars 18 to 20 feet in length. The rods should not terminate at a corner. They should be bent to project around it. At an intersection of two rods, there should be an 18-inch overlap. Once the forms are set and the slab bed completed, concrete is brought in and placed in position.
Plumbing vents and drains set in place. Figure 2-15 Cables in place for the slab. Note trenching for plumbing and for footings and reinforcement for the slab. Site ready for concrete pouring. Figure 2-16 Pouring the slab and leveling the concrete in the forms. Figure 2-17 Concrete slab poured. Rebar for porch ready for concrete. Figure 2-18 Footing construction. Keyways secure the foundation wall to the footing. This keeps the wall from sliding sideways from the pressure of backfill and helps slow down water seepage.