By Jeremy Ginifer
This quantity specializes in the difficulty of improvement in the UN peace venture. It examines a couple of severe concerns in terms of the interface among improvement, aid and peacekeeping, together with institutional coordination, the implementation of improvement within the box, and the contending philosophies that typically underpin army and developmental methods to human defense. now not least, it poses the query of the way sustainable improvement matches in the post-conflict area of UN peace missions.
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Extra info for Beyond the Emergency: Development Within UN Peace Missions
Jeremy Ginifer is Deputy Director of the UN Programme at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo. CONCEPTUAL ISSUES Peace Operations: From Short-Term to Long-Term Commitment STEPHEN JOHN STEDMAN and DONALD ROTHCHILD By developing a strategic approach to the implementation of peace accords in civil war, the United Nations can better the odds for ending a war and fostering development in the long run. Recent attempts at implementation have suffered from recurring difficulties: incomplete, vague and expedient agreements; lack of coordination between mediators and those who have to implement an agreement; lack of co-ordination between implementing agencies; lack of sustained attention by the international community; incomplete fulfilment of agreements by warring parties; and the presence of ‘spoilers’ who seek to destroy any incipient peace.
These missions, and increasingly humanitarianism, have tended to focus in the 1990s on short-term emergency aid and military security issues. Important as these are, there is a growing need to think long-term – beyond the emergency – and consider how to implement developmental strategies that allow war-torn societies to rebuild on a sustainable basis. This volume draws on a series of presentations made at the seminar Beyond the Emergency: Development within UN Peace Missions, held in Pretoria on 13–14 March 1996, by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) and the Institute for Defence Policy (IDP), and supported by the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD).
17 Scholars who imply that the third party will protect a disadvantaged party, or will use military force to gain compliance, distort what has happened in successful implementation. If the implementation of the El Salvador peace accords had broken down, for example, neither the UN nor the United States would have intervened militarily to enforce a settlement. In the future, peace implementation forces may choose to use force to compel factions to implement their agreements. ); and • the judgement that, if an escalation of violence results, the international community will supply the will and necessary resources to gain escalation dominance.