By Sarah B. Pralle
This ebook explores how advocacy teams negotiate and strategize in more and more aggressive and complicated political occasions. via targeting instances of woodland coverage within the U.S. and Canada, which, given their similarities and variations, had unforeseen results, Pralle indicates the various methods advocacy teams take advantage of new possibilities and triumph over constraints. either instances, the Clayoquot Sound controversy in British Columbia and the Quincy Library crew case within the Sierra Nevada mountains of northern California, based round conflicts among environmentalists trying to safeguard old-tree forests and bushes businesses combating to maintain their logging privileges. either marked very important episodes within the heritage of woodland politics of their respective international locations, yet with dramatically assorted effects. The Clayoquot Sound controversy spawned the biggest civil disobedience in Canadian heritage, foreign demonstrations in Japan, England, Germany, Austria, and the us, and the main major adjustments in British Columbia's wooded area coverage in a long time. nonetheless, the California case, with 4 occasions as many acres at stake, turned the poster baby for the "collaborative conservation" strategy, utilizing stakeholder collaboration and negotiation to accomplish a compromise which eventually broke down and ended up within the courts. Pralle analyzes how some of the advocacy groups--local and nationwide environmental firms, neighborhood citizens, trees businesses, and varied degrees of government--defined the problems in either phrases and pictures, created and reconfigured alliances, and drew in several governmental associations to try to accomplish their pursuits. She develops a dynamic new version of clash administration by way of advocacy teams that places a top rate on nimble timing, flexibility, focusing on, and strategies to realize the virtue.
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Extra info for Branching Out, Digging In: Environmental Advocacy and Agenda Setting (American Governance and Public Policy)
If alliances cannot be prevented, they can sometimes be broken or reshuﬄed once they have formed. indd 24 11/16/2006 12:30:03 PM The Expansion and Containment of Policy Conflict 25 cleavage in a conﬂict such that existing alliances are rearranged: in common parlance, the “divide and conquer” strategy. The restructuring of alliances, while potentially very diﬃcult, can be a powerful way to control participation in a conﬂict. When former friends become adversaries, the momentum behind a campaign can quickly dwindle or the advantage can shift to another set of players.
The battles between groups who are working to expand and contain issues are part of the politics of “problem ownership,” a concept that emphasizes the strategic importance of laying claim to a problem and typifying it in ways that beneﬁt one’s interests. Ownership of a problem denotes a measure of control over issue deﬁnition, which can happen when the deﬁning group wields signiﬁcant power or when there are few competing deﬁnitions (Gusﬁeld 1981). S. factories. The company spokespeople convinced aﬀected communities that plant managers were not responsible for the job losses: “Causation was impersonal, relatively simple, and to a degree, accidental” (Portz 1994, 34).
An example from this latter category is provided by Joseph Smith (2005), who examines how Congress expanded judicial review in three amendments to the Clean Air Act, making the courts more appealing venues for challenging environmental policy. According to Smith (2005, 147), a Democratic Congress saw an opportunity to advance their political goals and respond to supporters by increasing the judicial review rights of public interest groups. Strategies of expansion in the context of institutions involve asking an institution to expand its jurisdiction to a new issue or to aspects of an existing one.